Deborah (debris4spike) wrote,

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England - Dorset

As so my trip around the counties continue and I have got to one of the Southern Counties - that of Dorset.  Last time we were west of here (with a county in between) at Devon 


Dorset is one of the few counties in England that has a famous landmark that most of us would recognise whether we had been there or not. -



It is a tiny village, but in Moreton House lived James Frampton who led the persecution of The Tolpuddle Martyrs.  However the real hero of this village lived in Clouds Hill -

In 1923 T.E.Lawrence ( better known as Lawrence of Arabia)  bought this small cottage so that he could be near his relatives (the Framptons).  Here he wrote of his adventures as an archeologist and historian who had been involved in the Arab fight against the Turks during the first world war.  In 1935 he was travelling home from the near-by army camp on his motorbike when he collided with 2 boys on bikes.  He never recovered from the coma and died at the age of 46 and is buried in the local churchyard ... with his funeral being attended by The King of Iraq. 


It is a remote village that has remained unchanged since the days when it changed the shape of modern medicine.  The Church is of note as it is one of the oldest in the county - with a Saxon doorway and Norman arches.  However in the cemetary lie Benjamin Jesty and his wife.  In 1774 they were farmers and the area was being ravaged by Smallpox.  He noticed that 2 of his dairymaids who had earlier suffered from Cowpox were unaffected by the disease.  He therefore gave his pregnant wife and 4 children a dose of Cowpox, by removing pus from an infected cow and scratching it onto his wife's arm using a stocking needle - thus performing the World's first recorded vaccination ... 20 years before Edward Jenner famously did the same!


In 1685 the Duke of Monmouth (The Old Pretender) landed near Lyme Regis with 80 men, including Daniel Defoe.  They marched North to Sedgemoor, Somerset, where they met with the forces of King James II.  They were defeated and headed back towards dorset in the hope of getting a boat for Holland.  Monmouth, disguised as a shepherd, was seen climbing over a wall and so a search ensued.  A pikeman, Parkin, spotted a pile of rags in a ditch under an ash tree ... he was identified by The Order of the Garter that had been given to him by his father King Charles II.  Monmouth was beheaded at Tower Hill and in the aftermath of the uprising Judge Jefferies (in The Bloody Assizes) executed over 300 of Monmouths supporters.  While hiding in a graveyard, though, Daniel Defoe noticed the name on the tomb he was resting on - Robinson Crusoe!!


After The Restoration of King Charles II he returned many times to Dorset to thank the people for their help in his escape after The Battle of Worcester.  On one of these trips he stopped at a forge to ask for a glass of porter.  The blacksmith replied that he was unable to oblige as he needed a licence ... which The King immediately granted.  It is thus the smallest public house in the world - measuring 20ft (6m) by 10ft (3m)


This is the hill that was made famous by the Hovis adverts - Gold Hill


In 1980 Meryl Streep filmed in the town and was famously seen standing on the Medieval brekwater, called The Cobb - The film - The French Lieutenants Woman.


In the Church is the tomb of Sir Anthony Ashley holding a large ball in his hand.  In 1539, he returned from Holland and the first cabbage in England was cultivated.  Thus it is represented on his effigy.


King George III became the first monarch to use a bathing machine.

It is believed the Black Death arrived on a foreign ship in 1348.


Poole Harbour is the second largest natural harbour in the world - after Sidney, Australia.

In October 1898 at The Haven Hotel, Guglielmo Marconi established one of the World's earliest Radio Stations, receiving signals from The Isle of White.

Brownsea Island lies at the mouth of the harbour and in 1907, 20 boys pitched their tents to learn practical skills and the concept of fair play from Lieutenant-General Robert Baden Powell and thus was born The Boy Scouts.
Tags: dorset, england

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